In this article, I am going to explain what’s new in Kali Linux 2020.2 and also show you step by step method to set up Kali Linux under Hyper-V on Windows 10.
You can also watch the youtube demo vidoes for visual understanding or if you stuck at your configuration at any point.
Content of this Article
Understanding Hyper – V
Setting up Hyper -V
New Features Added in Kali 2020.2
Installing Kali Linux in Hyper-V
Logging into Kali and Checking Basics
If you want to start your cybersecurity or Ethical Hacking journey, setting up a kali machine would be a good place to start from. It may not be a good idea to set up kali as a primary OS for your daily routine work as Kali is not as user friendly as other desktop PCs.
Kali Linux is a Debian based operating system specially designed to achieve the goal of penetration testing and digital forensics. It is developed and maintained by the world’s renowned security organization named Offensive Security. Loaded with hundreds of hacking tools Kali is free to use and will always be so (As per official statement on their website). It was made publicly available in 2013 for the first time and since then it has gotten multiple updates to make it more useful for the purpose it was built for. 2020.2 is the latest version of Kali Linux which was made available in May 2020. I will discuss about the new features added/subtracted in this version of Kali in the later part of the article. Let us get started!
On May 12, 2020, a new update of Kali Linux was released 2020.2. 2020.1 was released in January 2020. There have been many changes in the OS, however this time, they have tried making the Kali’s usability and GUI more user friendly. Below is main feature introduced in this release–
KDE Plasma Makeover & Login – Dark and light themes were incorporated for KDE plasma. Login screen is also changed.
PowerShell by Default –Earlier PowerShell was put into Kali Linux network repository. Now PowerShell is put into one of primary metapackages which means ,if you choose to install this metapackage during system setup, or once Kali is up and running (sudo apt install -y kali-linux-large), if PowerShell is compatible with your architecture, you can just jump straight into it (pwsh)!
Kali on ARM Improvements – Earlier Kali used to come with default super user credential as root/root however this is not the case now. A new user with standard access is created while installation and if you wish to elevate user’s role you can do that later.
Lessons from The Installer Changes – In January 2020 update new style of images were introduced “installer” and “live”. These both setups can be modified at the time of install.
New Key Packages & Icons –
Each tool has been refreshed with new logos icon for example –
(Image Source – Kali Linux official Page)
Enough talk about the features, lets get ahead with downloading and installation. Hyper-V uses standard ISO images of operating systems. Installer ISO image of Kali can be installed from the official download page.
Once you have downloaded the ISO image, you can proceed for the installation of kali Linux as mentioned below-
Open Hyper-V manager from start menu and from right hand pane go to new-> Virtual Machine.
Once the installation wizard opens, you can choose your VM name and select the location where you want this VM to be installed. You can keep the location default as well.
Select the Generation, I would recommend you to do for generation1
Select the RAM size , if you have bigger RAM in your host machine such as 8GB/16 GB then select 2 GB or else 1024 MB is recommended.
Select the connection as the external switch you have created during setting -up your Hyper-V.
Select the Hard disk size and its location
Select the ISO image from the location you have saved after downloading from Kali official website
Check the summary of the VM and click Finish
Once The machine is created, get back to Hyper-V manage and it should look like below image –
You can go to setting as per the image and make changes as required, such as RAM allocated memory(if required), Number of virtual processor (2), IDE Controller (Hard Drive), and Network Adaptor (Select External which you created before).
Click on start
Select Graphical Install
Rest few steps are like normal installation, select as below unless you are sure of what you want –
Select Language – English
select Country – India
Select Keyboard language – American English
Network Configuration – If succeed with DHCP continue or if fails then just skip this step
Hostname – kali
Full name – Chose your name (it will be used as user account)
Choose Password and confirm password
Partition Disk – Guided -use entire disk , rest follow as per screen shot
Finish partioning and write change to disk
Select yes to write changes to partition disk.
This is the final step and this also completes the installation.
This marks the end of this blog post. Hope this helps in setting up the Kali Linux installation and eventually starting your cybersecurity journey .
If you have any question feel free to contact me on twitter @nomaniqamar, or if you have bigger question that can not fit into tweet, send an email to Qamar@infortified.com , and i would be more than happy to reply back. Until next blog, Happy Learning! – Qamar